The more severe form of gum disease is known as periodontal disease and is the leading cause for bleeding gums and loose teeth. There is a range of treatments available for periodontal disease. Most patients will require what is known as a ‘root planing’ procedure, where dental calculus (hardened deposits or tartar) and debris are cleaned from the gums and tooth surfaces. More severe forms of gum disease may require gum surgery to treat. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics during treatment of gum disease.
Fig1. Before gum treatment, note the calculus along the gum line.
Fig2. After gum treatment, gums are healthier and less inflamed.